Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS) version 1.2

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Geological Survey (USGS) Gap Analysis Program (GAP)
Publication_Date: 20110222
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title:
Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS) version 1.2
Edition: 1.2
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publisher: USGS Gap Analysis Program (GAP)
Online_Linkage: <http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS National Gap Analysis Program
Publication_Date: 20110222
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title:
Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS) version 1.2
Edition: 1.2
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publisher: USGS National Gap Analysis Program
Online_Linkage: <http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS/>
Description:
Abstract:
The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a geodatabase that illustrates and describes public land ownership, management and conservation lands nationally, including voluntarily provided privately protected areas. The lands included in PAD-US are assigned conservation measures that qualify their intent to manage lands for the preservation of biological diversity and to other natural, recreational and cultural uses; managed for these purposes through legal or other effective means. The geodatabase includes: 1) Geographic boundaries of public land ownership and voluntarily provided private conservation lands (e.g., Nature Conservancy Preserves); 2) The combination land owner, land manager, management designation or type, parcel name, GIS Acres and source of geographic information of each mapped land unit 3) GAP Status Code conservation measure of each parcel based on USGS National Gap Analysis Program (GAP) protection level categories which provide a measurement of management intent for long-term biodiversity conservation 4) IUCN category for a protected area's inclusion into UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre's World Database for Protected Areas. IUCN protected areas are defined as, "A clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values" and are categorized following a classification scheme available through USGS GAP; 5) World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) Site Codes linking the multiple parcels of a single protected area in PAD-US and connecting them to the Global Community.
PAD-US version 1.2 updates include: 1) National Park Service (NPS) boundaries and GAP Status Code review in cooperation with NPScape and NPS Lands. 2) Department of Defense (DOD) boundaries in cooperation with DOD Partners in Flight 3) Official (member and eligible only) Marine Protected Areas as aggregated and accepted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 4)The Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS) authoritative boundaries in cooperation with NLCS policy representitives and the Lands Division. Note: NLCS National Trails and Wild and Scenic Rivers were not updated as they are managed as Line files; however, PADUS already contained many of these protected areas. 5) Modified or newly created Wilderness Area boundaries created by The Omnibus Public Lands Act of 2009 in cooperation with Wilderness.net. 6) Protected areas in The US Virgin Islands 7) Protected areas in the Pacific Islands (Micronesia) 8) Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife protected areas
Purpose:
Purpose: The mission of the USGS Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is to provide state, regional and national assessments of the conservation status of native vertebrate species and natural land cover types and to facilitate the application of this information to land management activities. The PAD-US geodatabase is required to organize and assess the management status (i.e. apply GAP Status Codes) of elements of biodiversity protection. The goal of GAP is to keep common species common by identifying species and plant communities not adequately represented in existing conservation lands. Common species are those not currently threatened with extinction. By identifying their habitats, Gap Analysis gives land managers and policy makers the information they need to make better-informed decisions when identifying priority areas for conservation. In cooperation with UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre, GAP ensures PAD-US also supports global analyses and policy decisions by maintaining World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA) Site Codes and data for International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorized protected areas in the United States. The USGS National Gap Analysis Program (GAP) aggregated the Protected Areas Database of the United States version 1.1 (PAD-US v1.1) with significant contributions from the Bureau of Land Management, The US Forest Service, GreenInfo Network, Applied Geographics and The Nature Conservancy, who provided a spatial dataset of public and private lands and waters secured by a conservation situation that includes an explicit level of security from future conversion and current incompatible uses. These are spatial data from TNC's Conservation Lands System (CLS) database, which is the legal database of record for all TNC land transactions (fee, easement, lease and deed restrictions). GAP seeks to increase the efficiency and accuracy of PAD-US updates by leveraging resources in protected areas data aggregation and maintenance as described in "A Map of the Future", published following the PAD-US Design Project (July, 2009) available from: www.protectedlands.net.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2005
Ending_Date: 2011
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.000000
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.000000
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.000000
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -41.370653
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword: Protected Area
Theme_Keyword: Land Manager
Theme_Keyword: GAP Status Code
Theme_Keyword: Land Stewardship
Theme_Keyword: Land Ownership
Theme_Keyword: Gap Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Biodiversity
Theme_Keyword: Conservation
Theme_Keyword: Protection Status
Theme_Keyword: IUCN Category
Place:
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Alabama (AL)
Place_Keyword: Alaska (AK)
Place_Keyword: Arizona (AZ)
Place_Keyword: Arkansas (AR)
Place_Keyword: California (CA)
Place_Keyword: Colorado (CO)
Place_Keyword: Connecticut (CT)
Place_Keyword: Delaware (DE)
Place_Keyword: Florida (FL)
Place_Keyword: Georgia (GA)
Place_Keyword: Hawaii (HI)
Place_Keyword: Idaho (ID)
Place_Keyword: Illinois (IL)
Place_Keyword: Indiana (IN)
Place_Keyword: Iowa (IA)
Place_Keyword: Kansas (KS)
Place_Keyword: Kentucky (KY)
Place_Keyword: Louisiana (LA)
Place_Keyword: Maine (ME)
Place_Keyword: Maryland (MD)
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts (MA)
Place_Keyword: Michigan (MI)
Place_Keyword: Minnesota (MN)
Place_Keyword: Mississippi (MS)
Place_Keyword: Missouri (MO)
Place_Keyword: Montana (MT)
Place_Keyword: Nebraska (NE)
Place_Keyword: Nevada (NV)
Place_Keyword: New Hampshire (NH)
Place_Keyword: New Jersey (NJ)
Place_Keyword: New Mexico (NM)
Place_Keyword: New York (NY)
Place_Keyword: North Carolina (NC)
Place_Keyword: North Dakota (ND)
Place_Keyword: Ohio (OH)
Place_Keyword: Oklahoma (OK)
Place_Keyword: Oregon (OR)
Place_Keyword: Pennsylvania (PA)
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island (RI)
Place_Keyword: South Carolina (SC)
Place_Keyword: South Dakota (SD)
Place_Keyword: Tennessee (TN)
Place_Keyword: Texas (TX)
Place_Keyword: Utah (UT)
Place_Keyword: Vermont (VT)
Place_Keyword: Virginia (VA)
Place_Keyword: Washington (WA)
Place_Keyword: West Virginia (WV)
Place_Keyword: Wisconsin (WI)
Place_Keyword: Wyoming (WY)
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword: 2005
Temporal_Keyword: 2006
Temporal_Keyword: 2007
Temporal_Keyword: 2008
Temporal_Keyword: 2009
Temporal_Keyword: 2010
Temporal_Keyword: 2011
Access_Constraints: These data are in the public domain
Use_Constraints:
It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey Gap Analysis Program server, and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. The U.S. Geological Survey shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
All information is created with a specific end use or uses in mind. This is especially true for GIS data, which is expensive to produce and must be directed to meet the immediate program needs. However, these data were created with the expectation that they would be used for other applications; therefore, we list below both appropriate and inappropriate uses. This list is in no way exhaustive but should serve as a guide to assess whether a proposed use can or cannot be supported by these data. For many uses, it is unlikely that PAD-US will provide the only data needed, and for uses with a regulatory outcome, field surveys should verify the result. In the end, it will be the responsibility of each data user to determine if these data can answer the question being asked, and if they are the best tool to answer that question. While it is impossible to predict all the uses of these data we have listed several possible appropriate and inappropriate uses from GAP's perspective. The Nature Conservancy data were aggregated with consideration for the following Access constraints: The Nature Conservancy reserves all rights to the TNC data provided. All data are provided as is. The information provided is is not a survey quality dataset. The Nature Conservancy makes no warranty as to the currency, completeness, accuracy or utility of any specific data. This disclaimer applies both to individual use of the data and aggregate use with other data. It is strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data. Use constraints: The Nature Conservancy shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein. Any sale, distribution, loan, or offering for use of these digital data, in whole or in part, is prohibited without the approval of the Nature Conservancy. The use of these data to produce other GIS products and services with the intent to sell for a profit is prohibited without the written consent of the Nature Conservancy. All parties receiving these data must be informed of these restrictions. The Nature Conservancy shall be acknowledged as data contributors to any reports or other products derived from these data. Appropriate uses of the data: primarily as a coarse map for a large area such as a county or to provide context for finer-level maps. A general list of possible applications include:
-National, regional or statewide biodiversity planning -National, Regional or state habitat conservation planning -County comprehensive planning -Large-area resource management planning -Coarse-filter evaluation of potential impacts or benefits of major projects or plan initiatives on biodiversity, such as utility or transportation corridors, wilderness proposals, habitat connectivity proposals, climate change adaption proposals, regional open space and recreation proposals, etc. -Determining relative amounts of management responsibility for specific biological resources among land stewards to facilitate cooperative management and planning. -Basic research on regional distributions of plants and animals and to help target both specific species and geographic areas for needed research. -Environmental impact assessment for large projects or military activities. -Estimation of potential economic impacts from loss of biological resource-based activities. -Education at all levels and for both students and citizens.
Inappropriate Uses: It is far easier to identify appropriate uses than inappropriate ones, however, there is a "fuzzy line" that is eventually crossed when the differences in resolution of the data, size of geographic area being analyzed, and precision of the answer required for the question are no longer compatible. Examples include:
-Using the data to map small areas (less than thousands of hectares), typically requiring mapping resolution at 1:24,000 scale and using aerial photographs or ground surveys. -Combining these data with other data finer than 1:100,000 scale to produce new hybrid maps or answer queries. -Generating specific areal measurements from the data finer than the nearest thousand hectares -Establishing exact boundaries for regulation or acquisition. -Establishing definite occurrence or non-occurrence of any feature for an exact geographic area -Determining abundance, health, or condition of any feature. -Establishing a measure of accuracy of any other data by comparison with GAP data. -Altering the data in any way and redistributing them as a GAP data product. -Using the data without acquiring and reviewing the metadata and this report.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lisa Duarte
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program - University of Idaho
Contact_Position: Stewardship Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 530 S. Asbury St. Suite #1
City: Moscow
State_or_Province: Idaho
Postal_Code: 83843
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-885-3013
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 208-885-3618
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lduarte@uidaho.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm PST, M-F
Data_Set_Credit:
US Geological Survey, Gap Analysis Program (GAP). February 2011. Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS), version 1.2.
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Microsoft Windows 7 ; ESRI ArcCatalog 10.0
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Online_Linkage: <http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS>

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
National Park Service Update: Data exported from PAD-US version 1.1 by "Owner Name = NPS" summarized by "Primary Designation Name" and distributed to NPS Networks for Category (Fee or Easement) and GAP Status Code review, coordinated by Bill Monahan (NPS Inventory and Monitoring) during the Fall 2010 in collaboration with GAP.
GAP obtained best available ownership data from NPS Land Resources Division (Roger Johnson). At the time, Lands had reviewed about 275 units and created tract level ownership data within the previously defined administrative (a.ka. legacy or proclomation) boundaries approved by congress. To aggreagate best available data without major topolgy overlap errors, GAP merged nps_tracts.shp with units from nps_boundary.pdf Lands had not yet revised to tracts. Both were reprojected and translated into the PADUS schema following Standards (see GAP Website).
With consent from the NPS Wilderness Stewardship Division (Ashley Adams), GAP incorporated nationally compiled NPS Wilderness Area data from Wilderness.net (Lisa Edison). GAP updated the combined nps_tracts_boundaries file with wilderness areas to avoid overlapping polygons and inflating protected area statistics. The Primary Designation Type and Name PADUS attributes describe the Wilderness Areas, while the Secondary Designation Type and Name fields describe the original designation present in NPS Lands files (e.g. National Park) where Wilderness Areas overlap.
GAP joined updated Lands data with the PADUS v1.1 NPScape review by the Primary Local Name field to transfer conservation measures. New protected areas were assigned categorical GAP Status Codes (see GAP Code Source = GAP - Default) and IUCN Categories. GAP incorporated a few protected areas in PAD-US version 1.1 reviewed by NPScape that are not in Lands data. Review comments are welcome.
Where nps_tracts data was unavailable (i.e. GIS Source = nps_boundaries) GAP updated overlapping protected areas from PAD-US version 1.1 into legacy admin boundaries (e.g. state wildlife management areas) assuming land ownership in PADUS is accurate. Otherwise, nps_tracts data updated PAD-US after clipping polygons that crossed state lines to a state boundary file.
Process_Date: 201102
Process_Time: 17145600
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mason Croft
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program - University of Idaho
Contact_Position: Conservation Database Mngr. / GIS Analyst
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mcroft@uidaho.edu
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS) update: GAP obtained best available, authoritative NLCS data from the BLM Division of Lands, Realty and Cadastral Survey (Leonard Gore) as: NLCS_Units_11_2009.mdb in August 2010. The NLCS Units managed in seperate polygon feature classes were translated into a single PADUS feature class following Standards (See GAP Website). With consultation from the Wild and Scenic River Specialist (Joe Ashor) and NLCS Division Chief (Jeff Jarvis), Historic Trails and Wild and Scenic River updates were not incorporated into PADUS v1.2. NLCS currently manages Trails and WSR as Line files that do not meet PADUS requirements. As PADUS contains many polygon WSR and Trail corridors that reflect boundaries reported to congress, these areas were not replaced with lines but were attributed to the NLCS.
As many BLM NLCS designations overlap, GAP reviewed topology overlap errors and updated designations into one another so that areas of higher biodiversity protection remain as the Primary Designation Type and Name. The Secondary Designation Type and Name fields describe the overlapping designation of lower biodiveristy conservation value. Duplicated records in NLCS data were not incorporated into PADUS. In some cases, NLCS units of lower biodiversity conservation value overlapped BLM Areas of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) in PADUS. The NLCS Units were not updated and the ACEC's remain. Wilderness Study Area names and conservation measures from PADUS version 1.1 were transferred to the NLCS update file before loading into PADUS version 1.2 and BLM base ownership. Categorical GAP Status Code and IUCN Categories were assigned to new NLCS areas following PADUS Standards (see GAP Website). Review comments are welcome, contact the GAP Stewardship Coordinator.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Department of Defense (DOD) Update: GAP obtained best available DOD Lands data from DOD Partners in Flight (Dana Bradshaw and Chris Eberly) identified as "DOD_lands_2008.shp" in July 2010. GAP reprojected and translated these data into the PADUS schema following Standards. In September 2010, GAP was able to digitize several Navy protected areas in Washington with the assistance of George Hart. GAP added these records to the DOD update file. GAP received an updates to the DOD Lands file current as of November 2010. In consultation with Dana Bradshaw, GAP was able to add new records from DOD_NEW_Lands.shp and delete records from DOD_Lands_2008 no longer managed by DOD.
As the DOD Lands data reflects base ownership only, GAP selected areas from PADUS version 1.1 where "Owner Name = DOD and GAP Status Code = 1-3 (e.g. Wildlife Area, Mitigation Land) and merged those areas into the DOD Lands update file. This compilation was reviewed for 'must not overlap' topolgy errors. GAP deleted duplicated records and combined DOD designated areas (using the Primary and Secondary Designation Type and Name fields). Sliver errors remain.
GAP removed DOD Lands from PADUS by Owner Name = DOD and loaded the DOD Lands file with addition Navy protected areas and GAP 1-3 areas from PADUS v1.1. In several cases, DOD data overlap that of another federal or state land management agency. When resources allow, GAP Strives to determine attribute the Owner Name and Manager Name fields in PADUS correctly and remove these overlaps that create inaccurate protected area statistics. However, without authoritative information or guidance, these overlaps remain as provided by the data sources. Review comments are welcome, contact the GAP Stewardship Coordinator.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) update: GAP incorporated best available WDFW protected areas from WA_NWGAP_WDFW.mdb from Marc McCalmon. WDFW collaborated with GAP to assign GAP Status Codes to WDFW protected areas current as of January 2011.
GAP reviewed overlaps between the WDFW update and PADUS and noted a few conflicts with WA DNR data. As the WDFW update reflects current transactions and the WA DNR update was in 2009, GAP loaded the WDFW update in directly. Review comments are welcome, contact the GAP Stewardship Coordinator.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Pacific Islands update: GAP obtained best available data from the Pacific Biodiversity Information Forum (Rhyn Davies, USGS) identified as PBIF.gdb current as of December 2010. In consultation with R. Davies, GAP reprojected and translated Micronesia_PA into the PADUS schema, with joined information from the PA_Table, following Standards (see GAP Website). GAP assigned GAP Status Codes and transferred previously assigned IUCN Categories. Parcel names were updated and the file loaded into PADUS.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Omnibus Public Lands Act of 2009 Wilderness Area Update: Lisa Edison provided GAP with best available and authoritative Wilderness Area updates in November 2010. In consideration of the BLM and NPS udpates being incorporated into PADUS version 1.2, GAP opted to reproject and translate only new wilderness areas not currently in the PADUS, BLM NLCS or NPS update files. Several Wilderness Areas crossed state lines and needed to be clipped in order for the PADUS Core Attribute "State Name" to be assigned.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
US Virgin Islands Update: GAP obtained best available USVI protected areas from the USFS International Institute of Tropical Forestry (Mariano Solorzano) current as of their November 2010 review. GAP reprojected and translated USVI data following Standards (see GAP website) and assigned IUCN Categories based upon previously assigned GAP Status Codes. Review comments are welcome.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
GAP revised Owner Type, Owner Name, Primary Designation Type, State Name and GAP Code Source following updated PADUS Standards. Contact the GAP Stewardship Coordinator or the GAP Website for more information.
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Metadata imported.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: C:\Users\Lisa\Documents\PADUS\PADUSv1.1\PAD1_2metadata.xml
Process_Date: 20110222
Process_Time: 17081600

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 642931

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000100
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000100
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Resolution: 1.000000
Altitude_Encoding_Method:
Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PADUS1_2
Entity_Type_Definition:
PAD-US Standards Manual available from GAP Website or Stewardship Coordinator
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Category
Attribute_Definition:
General category for the protection mechanism associated with the protected area. 'Fee' is the most common way real estate is owned. A conservation 'easement' creates a legally enforceable land preservation agreement between a landowner and government agency or qualified land protection organization (i.e. land trust). 'Other' types of protection include leases, agreements or those over marine waters.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Own_Type
Attribute_Definition:
General land owner description (e.g. Federal, Tribal, State, Private) standardized for the US. See MSL Owner Type Domain descriptions in PAD-US Standards Manual or geodatabase look up table for detailed descriptions.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Own_Name
Attribute_Definition:
Land owner and primary entity responsible for managing parcel when 'Manager Name' is not attributed (e.g. USFS, State Fish and Game, City Land, TNC) standardized for the US. See MSL Owner Name Domain descriptions in PAD-US Standards Manual or geodatabase look up table for detailed descriptions.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Loc_Own
Attribute_Definition:
The actual name of the land owner provided by the data source, to complement the standardized 'Owner Name' field (e.g. State Fish and Wildlife is the standardized 'Owner Name' but Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is the 'Local Owner'). Not standardized in MSL.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Mang_Name
Attribute_Definition:
This field is attributed when the agency or entity responsible for managing a parcel differs from the 'Owner Name'. Not standardized in MSL.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: P_Des_Tp
Attribute_Definition:
The primary land management description or designation, standardized for nation (e.g. Area of Critical Environmental Concern resides in this field with Big Bear, as an example, in the 'Primary Designation Name' field. See MSL Primary Designation Type domain descriptions for details and Appendix A for crosswalk and definitions.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: P_Loc_Ds
Attribute_Definition:
The primary land management description or designation as provided by data source. Not standardized in MSL.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: P_Des_Nm
Attribute_Definition:
The name of protected area only (with no designation type) standardized to Proper Case without acronyms or parcel identifiers. This field enables users to search for a protected area by name, regardless of how many parcels it contains but can be concatenated with the Primary Designation Type field. The Primary Local Name field, from the data source, is calculated into this field and standardized. In previous PAD-US versions the designation type was included. This field is in transition to the updated standard.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: P_Loc_Nm
Attribute_Definition:
The name of the protected area as provided by the data source not standardized for the US. As a result, this field may include designations, different formats, spelling errors, unit or area identifiers unique to parcels but joins to source data files.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Status
Attribute_Definition:
Current legal or "official" standing of the site defined as: Designated - Site has been legally or administratively decreed; Proposed - Site has approval but is awaiting legal declaration/decree; Other - Site is recognized in a manner not otherwise classified or Unknown - Current status of this site is not known.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: State_Nm
Attribute_Definition:
Name of state or territory spelled out in Proper Case. See domain descriptions in PAD-US Standards Manual or geodatabase look up table for details.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Agg_Src
Attribute_Definition:
Organization credited with data aggregation and name of aggregated data set. Attributed in the format 'organization name_filename.filetype' (e.g. TNC_SecuredAreas2008.shp). Use acronym or replace spaces with underscore. A data aggregator submits data in the PAD-US schema according to standards and/or aggregates regional or national datasets with required fields for PAD-US translation.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GIS_Src
Attribute_Definition:
The source of GIS spatial and attribute information the aggregator obtained (e.g. WYG&F_whmas08.shp) for each record. Preferably files names match original source data to facilitate future updates.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Src_Date
Attribute_Definition:
: The date (mm/dd/yyyy) GIS data was obtained by the data source for aggregation. If month or day is unknown date is 00. This date represents the best available data the source has to support management at the time.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GIS_Acres
Attribute_Definition: Acres calculated from the 'calculate geometry' tool
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: S_Des_Tp
Attribute_Definition:
Additional or overarching management designation of a protected area polygon under which another may overlap (e.g. National Forest is described in this field, while an overlapping Wilderness Area is in the Primary Designation Type). See MSL domain descriptions in PADUS Standards Manual or geodatabase look up table for details.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: S_Lc_Ds
Attribute_Definition:
The secondary land management description or designation as provided by the data source. Not standardized.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: S_Loc_Nm
Attribute_Definition:
The name of the protected area as provided by the source. Not standardized.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GAP_Sts
Attribute_Definition:
The GAP Status Code is a measure of management intent to conserve biodiversity defined as: Status 1: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover and a mandated management plan in operation to maintain a natural state within which disturbance events (of natural type, frequency, intensity, and legacy) are allowed to proceed without interference or are mimicked through management. Status 2: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover and a mandated management plan in operation to maintain a primarily natural state, but which may receive uses or management practices that degrade the quality of existing natural communities, including suppression of natural disturbance. Status 3: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover for the majority of the area, but subject to extractive uses of either a broad, low-intensity type (e.g., logging, OHV recreation) or localized intense type (e.g., mining). It also confers protection to federally listed endangered and threatened species throughout the area. Status 4: There are no known public or private institutional mandates or legally recognized easements or deed restrictions held by the managing entity to prevent conversion of natural habitat types to anthropogenic habitat types. The area generally allows conversion to unnatural land cover throughout or management intent is unknown. See the PADUS Standards Manual for a summary of methods.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GAPCdSrc
Attribute_Definition:
An acronym to describe the organization(s) that applied the Gap Status Code to the polygon. This field also describes the methods used for assigning GAP Status as follows: 'GAP - Default' is assigned when GAP's categorical assignment of status has been applied, without more detailed review or inquiry. 'GAP' is assigned when standard methods (management plan reviewed and/or land manager interviewed to assign GAP Status to a protected area) apply as provided above. 'GAP - other organization' (e.g. GAP - NPS) applies when the measure is assigned in partnership with GAP, including review. When another organization applied GAP Status according to their methods then 'other organization' (e.g. TNC) is assigned. See the PADUS Standards Manual for more information.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: GAPCdDt
Attribute_Definition:
The most current Year (yyyy) the GAP Status Code was assigned to the polygon.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: IUCN_cat
Attribute_Definition:
International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management categories assigned to protected areas for inclusion in the UNEP- World Conservation Monitoring Center's (WCMC) World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA) and the Commission for Environmental Cooperation's (CEC) North American Terrestrial Protected Areas Database. IUCN defines a protected area as, "A clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values". Categorization follows as: Category Ia: Strict Nature Reserves are strictly protected areas set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological / geomorphological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure preservation of the conservation values. Such protected areas can serve as indispensible reference areas for scientific research and monitoring. Category Ib: Wilderness Areas are protected areas are usually large unmodified or slightly modified areas, retaining their natural character and influence, without permanent or significant human habitation, which are protected and managed so as to preserve their natural condition. Category II: National Park protected areas are large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities. Category III: Natural Monument or Feature protected areas are set aside to protect a specfic natural monument, which can be a land form, sea mount, submarine caverns, geological feature such as caves or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value. Category IV: Habitat/species management protected areas aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many category IV protected areas will need regular, active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of this category. Category V: Protected landscape/seascape protected areas occur where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value. Category VI: Protected area with sustainable use of natural resources are generally large, with much of the area in a more-or-less natural condition and wherea a proportion is under sustainable natural resource management and where such exploitation is seen as one of the main aims of the area. See the PADUS Standards Manual for a summary of methods.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition: Comments from either the original data source or aggregator.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Update_Order
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape_Length
Attribute_Definition: Length of feature in internal units.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape_Area
Attribute_Definition: Area of feature in internal units squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Overview_Description:

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program
Contact_Person: Lisa Duarte
Contact_Position: Stewardship Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: University of Idaho
Address: 530 South Asbury Street, Suite 1
City: Moscow
State_or_Province: Idaho
Postal_Code: 83843
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-885-3013
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 208-885-3618
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lduarte@uidaho.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm PDT
Resource_Description:
Download or view data from: USGS Gap Analysis Program website (www.gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS)
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS>

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110224
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lisa Duarte
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program - University of Idaho
Contact_Position: Stewardship Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: University of Idaho
Address: 530 South Asbury Street, Suite 1
City: Moscow
State_or_Province: Idaho
Postal_Code: 83843
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-885-3013
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 208-885-3613
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lduarte@uidaho.edu
Hours_of_Service: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm PDT
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.9.6 on Thu Feb 24 14:39:21 2011